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Historical Development of Modern Feudalism: 

The TRUTH about your status as a slave in America 
(by unknowingly volunteering) 

 (author unknown) 

 Since 1933 you and all other Americans have been pledged for the debt 
of the UNITED STATES owed to international bankers, most of whom are 
foreign to our country.  Your credit, labor, productivity and 
property have been used and is now being used as collateral by the 
incorporated UNITED STATES OF AMERICA without your knowledge or 
consent. This is legal until you take back your implied consent by a 
special, lawful process. 

In fact, you are unknowingly volunteering to be chattel for a 
mortgage held by financiers from the founding of this nation. 
Perhaps you infer that the name on the tax statement is yours and so 
you respond as though it were. This is voluntary servitude. To make 
this servitude legal it was necessary to "cut a hole in the fence." 
No matter that the escape route is hidden, obscured by legal brambles 
to make escape difficult. That it is not used presumes consent.  It 
is not impossible, just seemingly difficult and even implausible. 

Your status as a subject is based upon a presumption that if you did 
not wish to be so encumbered you would use the law to do something 
about it.  As long as you do not use the escape route provided by law 
it is presumed that you are content to "remain in the pasture and be 
milked and used as chattel."  This word has the same root as the 
word, "cattle."  Do you get the picture? 

Can such a premise be true?  It seems totally out of step with 
everything you and I have ever known about our world, our nation, our 
government and our relationship to it! Our parents never behaved as 
though they we were chattel.  They dutifully paid their taxes, voted 
in elections, waved an American flag on the 4th of July.  Our 
teachers taught us about our history, our Declaration of Independence 
and Constitution, our Revolutionary War, how we fought the greatest 
army and navy the world had ever seen at the time. Nowhere in our 
history classes did we encounter any such premise of subjection to a 
central government that rules our lives.  Our civics teacher never 
told us anything about this.  Nothing in our world even hinted that 
we were subjects to a highly centralized government.  Surely this 
could be true of other peoples, but not of us! For most people this 
cannot be.  The truth cannot be heard because it is too discordant 
with our entire experience. 

And yet we can document that George Washington did not chop down a 
cherry tree, Lincoln did not free the slaves (they became subjects of 
the Federal District, the District of Columbia), The War with Mexico 
was begun by General Zachary Taylor's provocations along the Nueces 
River, the battleship Maine blew up from the inside, Woodrow Wilson 
knew that the Lusitania was carrying US munitions to the war in 
Europe and would be sunk, Franklin D. Roosevelt had maneuvered the 
Japanese into an attack on Pearl Harbor and had cut fuel shipments to 
the Pacific fleet to ensure the presence of enough old ships to offer 
a tempting target, Truman knew that there were other good 
alternatives to an invasion of Japan and did not need to drop the 
Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Roosevelt knew about the NAZI 
concentration camps, LBJ knew that there was no attack on the Maddox 
and Turner Joy in the Gulf of Tonkin when he asked for a 
Congressional Resolution to attack North Vietnam, and the US 
government had been warned by numerous documented sources that there 
would be an attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.  All 
of this is from documented historical sources.  Yet we continue to 
believe the myths that are in our histories, our movies, our 
mainstream media and our mass consciousness.  John F Kennedy warned 
us that, 

The great enemy of the Truth is very often not the lie - deliberate, 
contrived, and dishonest - but the myth - persistent, persuasive and 

You will probably find it hard to accept that you have been living in 
an illusion for your whole life.  Much of what you believe is an 
illusion and you will only find your freedom when you can allow 
yourself to look behind the veils of illusion to see Reality. WHO you 
are is far greater than "what" you perceive yourself to be. When you 
have the courage to stand face-to-face with the illusion and call it 
what it is, you will have stepped through the most difficult task set 
before you on your Earth Journey. There IS a way out! But the only 
way out is through—through understanding how we came to this 
predicament and following a precise formula to obtain your 
sovereignty. We have been warned repeatedly throughout our history, 
but we weren't listening very closely.  Now we might have one more 
chance to take back our power and our sovereignty. 

The nature of the conspiracy to defraud can be best understood in 
comments by one of the major conspirators in the triumph of 
establishing the Federal Reserve, "Colonel" Edward Mandell House, who 
is purported to have said this in a private meeting with President 
Woodrow Wilson: 

"[Very] soon, every American will be required to register their 
biological property in a national system designed to keep track of 
the people and that will operate under the ancient system of 
pledging. By such methodology, we can compel people to submit to our 
agenda, which will effect our security as a chargeback for our fiat 
paper currency. Every American will be forced to register or suffer 
being unable to work and earn a living. They will be our chattel, and 
we will hold the security interest over them forever, by operation of 
the law merchant under the scheme of secured transactions. 

Americans, by unknowingly or unwittingly delivering the bills of 
lading to us will be rendered bankrupt and insolvent, forever to 
remain economic slaves through taxation, secured by their pledges. 
They will be stripped of their rights and given a commercial value 
designed to make us a profit and they will be none the wiser, for not 
one man in a million could ever figure our plans and, if by accident 
one or two should figure it out, we have in our arsenal plausible 
deniability. After all, this is the only logical way to fund 
government, by floating liens and debt to the registrants in the form 
of benefits and privileges. This will inevitably reap to us huge 
profits beyond our wildest expectations and leave every American a 
contributor to this fraud which we will call `Social Insurance.' 
Without realizing it, every American will insure us for any loss we 
may incur and in this manner, every American will unknowingly be our 
servant, however begrudgingly. The people will become helpless and 
without any hope for their redemption and, we will employ the high 
office of the President of our dummy corporation to foment this plot 
against America." 

We now know how to respond to this treasonous fraud. All my life I've 
looked for the roots of war, injustice and oppression because if we 
can find the basis of the rampant injustice in the world, we could 
relieve enormous struggle and suffering.  I've wondered at how little 
the Constitution seemed to affect the courts and how often the truth 
was buried in silence. Mostly I saw greed and heartlessness in a 
power struggle played out in politics. But I didn't realize that the 
game had been played in secret throughout American history.  And 
ultimately, it is a game of monetary policy and politics…. with a 
spiritual component. 

Like you, I've watched and participated in the American scene for 
many years.  I've written many letters to the editor, congressmen, 
senators, presidents, distributed campaign literature to precincts, 
represented my precinct at county conventions, served food at Loaves 
and Fishes, planted flowers at the feet of police threatening to 
arrest those who had taken over HUD homes designated for the 
homeless, worked with Welfare Moms, served as chairman of church 
social ministry, fasted, spoke to churches on social justice, 
supported the protestors at Honeywell demonstrations against the 
manufacture of cluster bombs, arrested for a war toy protest, booked, 
finger-printed, arraigned, marched in protest of the Vietnam War, the 
Gulf War, and the attacks on Serbia and Kosovo. 

A Peak into the Mind of a Tory 

In 1999 I watched in utter amazement as the Supreme Court of the 
United States overturned the Florida State Supreme Court's decision 
to proceed with a recount of the contested ballots and the Eleventh 
District Court decision to uphold the decision of the Florida court. 
In Orwellian doublespeak, Antonin Scalia wrote on Saturday, December 
9, 1999: 

"the counting of the votes that are of questionable legality does in 
my view threaten irreparable harm to [Bush], and to the country, by 
casting a cloud upon which he claims to be the legitimacy of his 
election. Count first, and rule upon legality afterwards, is not a 
recipe for producing election results that have the public acceptance 
democratic stability requires." 

It was a brazen and Orwellian declaration. What American who believes 
in democracy could claim that something was wrong with counting 
votes "first"? What American who believes in democracy could declare 
one candidate the winner and protect him from "irreparable harm" if a 
vote count showed him not to be the winner, after all? Of course, it 
doesn't make any sense, unless you realize the foundation upon which 
Scalia based his transparently partisan remarks.  He doesn't believe 
in democracy, he doesn't even believe in republicanism, he is a 

Scalia revealed his true motivations when he spoke on the subject of 
capital punishment at the University of Chicago (February 2002). 
During his remarks, he stated: "The reaction of people of faith to 
this tendency of democracy to obscure the divine authority behind 
government should not be resignation to it, but the resolution to 
combat it as effectively as possible." ("God's Justice and Ours" at 

Democracy obscuring divine authority behind government? Perhaps this 
helps shed some light on why Scalia and the four other right- 
wing "justices" could so easily subvert our election process and, 
through an act of divine intervention, usher the son onto the throne 
lost some eight years earlier by his father, George I. We are 
assuming that we are still independent sovereigns and freemen as 
declared by our Declaration of Independence and that the Constitution 
is still in effect. Scalia has no such illusion.  History supports 
his position, sorry to say. 

Scalia is an ideologue so accustomed to our willingness to continue 
to be subjects that he does not even consider the ideal of a 
government of, by, and for the people. That ideal has remained as 
useful fiction to be taught in Civics classes and mouthed by the 
politicians.  HE KNOWS that we are mere chattel by presumption. 
Since we have not even discovered that our status as freemen has been 
lost through more than two hundred years of our history, much less 
withdrawn our implied consent to be subjects, we are presumed to be 
subjects before the courts and in the minds of people like Scalia. 

Scalia speaks of civil disobedience with contempt and quotes the 
Bible, "Ye must needs be subject." We must, as mere servants of the 
ruling class, acquiesce to our divinely guided leaders. For who are 
we, as mere subjects, to question those who make (or interpret) the 
laws? After all, he says that "government carries the sword as 'the 
minister of God,' to 'execute wrath' upon the evildoer." No, he has 
not reverted to a justice of another time—WE have by our ignorance 
and silence, acquiesced to a lower status reminiscent of another 

There you have it!  In his eyes, we are subjects unworthy of honor, 
peace and justice.  Somehow Scalia's statements seem like a long way 
from the Declaration of Independence in which Americans stood before 
the world as sovereigns invested with certain inalienable rights, 
including the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. 
After the American Revolution, the monarchies of Europe saw Democracy 
as an unnatural, ungodly, ideological threat, every bit as radical 
and dangerous as Communism was regarded by Western nations upon its 
inception.  Just as the 1917 Communist Revolution in Russia spawned 
other revolutions around the world, the American Revolution provided 
an example and incentive for people all over the world to overthrow 
their European monarchies. What has happened?  When did we give up 
our natural, God-given rights? Our forefathers fought and won that 
war didn't they? 

Sovereignty, Revolution, Birth of a New Nation 

Yes, our forefathers fought one of the bloodiest wars in history and 
won their independence.  They understood the historical roots of war, 
injustice and oppression, and we've lost this knowledge. Our history 
books did, indeed, leave out a lot of the truth and lied about much 
of the rest.  History teachers often teach history in such a way that 
young students swear to never again study history! When I attempted 
to teach American History from sources outside the history books I 
was forced from my 26-year teaching career by my principal. We have 
been led and lulled to forget WHO we are. All this has been 
engineered by those who would keep us ignorant of the truth. 

The primary reason for the War for Independence was not "taxation 
without representation", but the forced payment of taxes to the King 
in gold instead of paper money. America was flourishing by using her 
own "fiat money" system based only on production, not a gold-based 
system that could be manipulated by the King. The King could 
not "control" the fiat money system and therefore passed a law 
requiring that taxes be paid in gold only. The King had most of the 
gold—the colonies had little; so unemployment ensued—and embittered 
colonists cried for war. Benjamin Franklin put it this way, "The 
colonies would have gladly born the little tax on tea, and other 
matters, had it not been that England took away from the colonies 
their money."  Prior to the Revolutionary War, The Times of London 
said this regarding fiat money in America: 

"If this mischievous financial policy, which has its origins in North 
America, shall become endurrated down to a fixture, then that 
government will furnish its own money without cost.  It will pay off 
debts and be without debt.  It will have all the money necessary to 
carry on its commerce. It will become prosperous without precedent in 
the history of the world.  The brains and the wealth of all the 
countries will go to North America.  That country must be destroyed 
or it will destroy every Monarchy on the 

The truth is that the Revolution failed.  You might say that we won a 
military victory over the most powerful military force on the planet 
at the time. However, reading the Treaty of Paris it is clear that we 
were not exactly negotiating as equals. 

We had won the recall of British troops but not the bankers. Even 
though we are taught that we won our independence from England, we 
actually were able to remain free from the international bankers for 
only a few years at the close of the presidency of Andrew Jackson. 
The most visible of the power structure was the East India Company 
owned by the bankers and the Crown in London, England.  This was an 
entirely private enterprise whose flag was adopted by Queen Elizabeth 
in 1600—thirteen red and white horizontal stripes with a blue 
rectangle in its upper left-hand corner. All debts owed before the 
war were to be collected by the foreign creditors. 

When the creditors of the new nation found the Articles of 
Confederation to be inadequate to exact payment from their young 
debtor, the Constitution was written and supported by the bankers 
through their associates, for increase their control over the United 
States of America.  Had the Articles of Confederation been completed 
and adopted, instead of the Constitution, the bankers would have had 
far less control. 

Any constitution must have some prior reference to establish its 
foundation.  The authority for the American Constitution is based 
upon the Bible; the Magna Carta, signed in 1215 by King John; the 
Petition of Rights, granted by King Charles I in 1628; the English 
Bill of Rights, granted by William and Mary in 1689; the right of 
habeas corpus, granted by King Charles II, and the Articles of 
Confederation.  Any and every constitution thereafter must have an 
enabling clause.  From this point onward, no constitution may 
diminish, in any manner, those rights already established in the 
above six documents. 

The Declaration of Independence established that all people are 
sovereign under God's Natural Law. Sovereign people of the various 
states, created the state governments for the protection of their 
rights.  They delegated certain authority from the people's powers by 
and through the state constitutions in order that the three branches 
of government could properly carry out the dictates outlined in the 
State constitutions to protect our rights. 

The States then created the United States. 

The American Constitution created a new structure of government that 
was established on a much higher plane than either the parliamentary 
system or the confederation of states.  It was a 
people's "constitutional republic," where a certain amount of power 
was delegated to the states and a certain amount was delegated to the 
federal government.  The United States, by way of the Congress of the 
United States, has certain powers delegated by the Constitution.  So 
far as the several States party to the Constitution are concerned, 
the United States may not exercise power not delegated by the 
Constitution. All power not delegated to the United States by the 
Constitution is reserved to the several States within their 
respective territorial borders—or, to the people. 

British Subversion, Banks, and Treason 

Even though the Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War in 1783, 
the simple fact of our existence threatened the monarchies where it 
hurts most: financially.  The United States stood as a heroic role 
model for other nations, which inspired them to also struggle against 
oppressive monarchies. The French Revolution (1789-1799) and the 
Polish uprising (1794) were, in part, encouraged by the American 
Revolution.  Though we stood like a beacon of hope for most of the 
world, the monarchies regarded the United States as a political 
infection, the principle source of radical democracy that was 
destroying monarchies around the world.  The monarchies realized that 
if the principle source of that infection could be destroyed, the 
rest of the world might avoid the contagion and the monarchies would 
be saved. 

Knowing they couldn't destroy us militarily, they resorted to more 
covert methods of political and financial subversion, employing spies 
and secret agents skilled in bribery and legal deception; it was 
perhaps the first "cold war." In the 1794 Jay Treaty, the United 
States agreed to pay £600,000 sterling to King George III, as 
reparations for the American Revolution. The US Senate ratified the 
treaty in secret session and ordered that it not be published. When 
Benjamin Franklin's grandson published it anyway (perhaps our first 
whistleblower), the exposure and resulting public up-roar so angered 
the Congress that it passed the Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) so 
federal judges could prosecute editors and publishers for reporting 
the truth about the government. 

Since we supposedly had won the Revolutionary War, why would our 
Senators agree to pay reparations to the loser?  And why would they 
agree to pay £600,000 sterling, eleven years after the war ended?  It 
doesn't make sense, especially in light of the Senate's secrecy and 
later fury over being exposed… unless we assume our Senators had been 
bribed to serve the British monarchy and betray the American people! 
That is treason! 

From the beginning, the United States Bank had been opposed by the 
Democratic-Republicans lead by Thomas Jefferson, but the Federalists 
(the pro-monarchy party) won the vote.  The initial capitalization 
was $10,000,000 -- 80 % of which would be owned by foreign bankers. 
Since the bank was authorized to lend up to $20,000,000 (double its 
paid capital), it was a profitable deal for both government and the 
bankers, since they could lend, and collect interest on $10,000,000 
that didn't exist. 

However, the European bankers outfoxed the U.S. government, and by 
1796, the US government owed the bank $6,200,000 and was forced to 
sell most of its shares. By 1802, our government owned no stock in 
the United States Bank! 

Thomas Jefferson had warned, 

If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue 
of their  currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, the 
banks...will deprive the people of  all property until their children 
wake-up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered.... The 
issuing power should be taken from the banks and restored to the 
people, to whom it properly belongs. 

Several short-lived attempts to impose the central banking scheme on 
the United States were defeated by the patriotic efforts of 
Presidents Madison, Jefferson, Jackson, Van Buren and Lincoln. 

Bank Fraud, Bribery, and Corruption 

Chief among the international financiers was Amshel Bauer of Germany 
who, in 1748 opened a goldsmith shop under the name of Red Shield. 
(in German the name is spelled Rothschild and is pronounced Rote- 
shilld). In 1787, Amshel (Bauer) Rothschild made the famous 
statement: "Let me issue and control a Nation's money, and I care not 
who writes the laws."  He had five Sons Amshel Mayer, Solomon, Jacob, 
Nathan, and Carl. In 1798, the five Rothschild brothers expanded by 
opening banks in Germany, Vienna, Paris, London, and Naples. 

The objective behind this bank was to receive special privilege to 
use the unjust fractional reserve banking to print money and loan it 
to the government and industry. No money could go into circulation 
without interest being paid to the bankers. 

Fractional reserve banking is very simple. It is simply a special 
privilege given to a man or group of men to create credit out of thin 
air; by extending this credit/debt to everyone else in society who 
does not have the same privilege, and then collecting from society 
the money plus interest, they become very rich without having to 
produce anything of value. 

The basic mathematics behind this system is very clear. If this 
system is left in place long enough, the man or group who controls 
this system of debt creation will own all the gold available in the 
nation. Once the supply of real money (gold) is in his or their 
hands, this man or group of men becomes the master of the entire 
nation. Why? Because this man or group of men controls the only 
source of operating medium (money) available through which the nation 
functions. Only the man who has the privilege of printing the money 
and loaning it at interest can determine who gets special funding—his 
friends and allies. Everyone else is limited to how much money they 
have access to; therefore, after two or three generations, the 
friends and allies of this "banker" will own all of the nation—just 
as America is now owned by a very small cadre of very wealthy men. 

How long this process takes to work its way through the wealth of the 
nation depends upon how successful the "banker" is in forcing, 
through bribery and corruption, the restriction of the formal 
government's issuance of real money backed by gold or silver. As the 
supply of real money shrinks, the people of the nation are forced to 
rely on the creation of a fictitious debt by the privileged few to a 
greater and greater extent, until finally, the only thing left is a 
massive amount of "unpayable debt," created from nothing and 
consisting only of the interest charged upon the fictitious debt, and 
collecting interest for every moment of its existence. All for the 
benefit of the privileged, who become the de facto (illegally 
usurped) government because of the "money power" they wield. 

Through the Bank of England, the Rothschilds demanded a private bank 
in the United States to hold the securities of the United States as 
the pledged assets to the Crown of England in order to secure the 
debt to which our government had defaulted. As one of his first acts, 
President Washington declared a financial emergency. William Morris 
with the help of Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of Treasury, heavily 
promoted the creation a private bank to service the debt to the 
international bankers. In 1791, Congress chartered the first national 
bank for a term of 20 years, to hold the securities of the same 
European bankers who had been holding the debts before the war. The 
bankers loaned worthless, un-backed, non-secured printed money to 
each other to charter this first bank. In December 12, 1791, the Bank 
of the United States opened its doors in Philadelphia. 

The holder of the securities was the private bank.  So under public 
international law, the creditor nation forced the United States to 
establish a private bank to hold the securities as the collateral for 
the national debt. James Madison had warned, "History records that 
the money changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit, 
and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments 
by controlling money and its issuance." 

British Subversion, Titles of Nobility and Treason 

For the early decades of US history, relations between the United 
States and Great Britain remained strained. Their relationship 
deteriorated sharply with the outbreak of war in Europe in 1803. 
Britain imposed a blockade on neutral countries such as the United 
States. In addition, the British took American sailors from their 
ships and forced them to serve in the British Navy. Concerned about 
the many English spies and troublemakers, Congress passed an 
amendment to prevent those who had English titles and connections 
from obtaining any seat in government.  Called the Titles of Nobility 
Act (TONA), it reads as follows: 

"If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or 
retain any title of nobility or honour, or shall without the consent 
of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office, or 
emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or 
foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United 
States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or 
profit under them, or either of them." 

All "titles of nobility" were prohibited in both Article VI of the 
Articles of Confederation (1777) and in Article I, Section 9 of the 
Constitution of the United States (1778), but there was no penalty. 
Although already prohibited by the Constitution, an additional "title 
of nobility" amendment was deemed necessary and was proposed in 1789, 
again in 1810, and finally ratified in 1819. But the notice of 
ratification delivered to the Secretary of State, an attorney with 
the title, "Esquire," disappeared.  As a result, there still is no 
penalty for accepting titles or emoluments from foreign rulers today, 
just the prohibition. 

Clearly, the founding fathers saw such a serious threat in "titles of 
nobility" and "honours," that anyone receiving them would be required 
to forfeit their citizenship.  Obviously the Amendment carried much 
more significance for our founding fathers than is readily apparent 
today. They knew that our freedom could be subverted from inside our 
government and had sought to prevent such a bitter betrayal. Today 
most Senators and Congressmen, all Federal judges, and some of our 
Presidents are attorneys who carry the title "Esquire" often 
abbreviated as "Esq." The Constitution still forbids this, 

In Colonial America, attorneys trained attorneys, but most held 
no "title of nobility" or "honor."  There was no requirement that one 
be a lawyer to hold the position of district attorney, attorney 
general, or judge; a citizen's "counsel of choice" was not restricted 
to a lawyer and there was no state or national bar associations.  The 
only organization that certified lawyers was the International Bar 
Association (IBA), chartered by the King of England, headquartered in 
London.  Lawyers admitted to the IBA received the rank "Esquire" - 
a "title of British nobility." 

"Esquire" was the principle title of nobility which the 13th 
Amendment ought to prohibit from the United States.  Why?  Because 
the loyalty of "Esquire" lawyers was suspect!  Lawyers with 
an "Esquire" behind their names were agents of the monarchy, members 
of an organization whose principle purposes were political and 
regarded with the same wariness that some people today reserve for 
members of the KGB or the CIA. 

The archaic definition of "honor" (as used when the 13th Amendment 
was ratified) meant anyone "obtaining or having an advantage or 
privilege over another."  A contemporary example of an "honor" 
granted to only a few Americans is the privilege of being a judge: 
Lawyers can be judges and exercise the attendant privileges and 
powers, non-lawyers generally cannot. We address the judge as, "your 

By prohibiting "honors," the missing, but now found, original 13th 
amendment prohibits any advantage or privilege that would grant some 
citizens an equal opportunity to achieve or exercise political 
power.  Therefore, the second meaning (intent) of the original 13th 
Amendment was to insure political equality among all American 
citizens, by prohibiting anyone, even government officials, from 
claiming or exercising a special privilege or power (an "honor") over 
other citizens. 

Both "esquire" and "honor" would be key targets of the 13th Amendment 
even today, because, while "titles of nobility" no longer apply now 
precisely as they did back in the early 1800's, it is clear that 
an "esquire" or bar attorney receives far better treatment in and by 
the courts as well as by the public at large in general, whereas if 
you represent yourself (pro se) or speak as a freeman (pro per), you 
are treated as though you were rabble. Your opinions are of little 
importance in court and you are often treated similarly by government 
officials. Because you are not "esquires" or bar attorneys, you are 
considered to be a useless eater, a subject "out of control." The 
concept of "honor" remains relevant, possibly more so today than at 
any previous time in U.S. history, for they, the "honors," are 
greatly feared and even revered, even by the esquires who are 
considered to be below them. Since the Original 13th Amendment has 
never been repealed, all acts of government since 1819 are 
technically null and void since most lawmakers, prohibited from 
participation in government by the Constitution and who should even 
be stripped of their right to be a US Citizen under TONA, have 
continued to interject themselves into the political process. 

When the people discovered that European banking interests owned most 
of the United States Bank they saw the sheer power of the banks and 
their ability to influence representative government by economic 
manipulation and outright bribery. On February 20, 1811, Congress 
therefore refused to renew the Bank's charter on the grounds that the 
Bank was unconstitutional.  This led to the withdrawal of $7,000,000 
in specie (money in coin) by European investors, which in turn, 
precipitated an economic recession, and the War of 1812. This "war" 
was punishment for America refusing to do business on the terms of 
the International Banking families of the House of Rothschild, 
through the first Bank of the United States. Congress refused to let 
the National Bank renew its Charter. 

Except for Gen. Andrew Jackson's victory in the Battle of New 
Orleans, the War of 1812 produced a string of American military 
disasters. The most shocking of these was the British Army's burning 
of the Capitol, the President's house, and other public buildings in 
Washington on August 24 and 25, 1814. (Americans had previously 
burned public buildings in Canada.) During the War of 1812 our 
national archives and many libraries and document repositories were 
burned and some of the evidence of the TONA disappeared. 
Nevertheless, the legislature of Virginia ratified the amendment and 
it was subsequently printed in many official publications as the 13th 
Amendment, even in states which had NOT ratified, such as 
Connecticut.  But beginning in 1832 it began to disappear from texts, 
although official state publications continued to publish it as late 
as 1876. 

There are undoubtedly other examples of the monarchy's efforts to 
subvert or destroy the United States; some are common knowledge, 
others remain to be disclosed to the public.  For example, national 
archivist David Dodge discovered a book called 2 VA LAW in the 
Library of Congress Law Library.  According to Dodge, "This is an un- 
catalogued book in the rare book section that reveals a plan to 
overthrow the Constitutional government by secret agreements 
engineered by the lawyers of the time."  That is one of the reasons 
why the TONA was ratified by the state of Virginia in the particular 
manner in which they did, although the alleged "notification" thereof 
was a long time thereafter claimed to have been "lost in the mail." 
You see, there is no public record that this aforementioned book 
exists either! 

That may sound surprising, but according to the Gazette 
(5/10/91), "the Library of Congress has 349,402 un-catalogued rare 
books and 13.9 million un-catalogued rare manuscripts."  There may be 
secrets buried in that mass of documents even more astonishing than a 
missing Constitutional Amendment. Yet this image of documentary 
disarray appropriately describes our situation today: we are 
inundated with information that we have not had the time or interest 
to sort through. As a result we have lost a precious treasure in the 
chaos and turmoil of daily life: our sovereignty. 

One amazing aspect of the War of 1812 was the existence of a 
depression during wartime. War always brings a short-term prosperity, 
except in the case of this war. To understand this, it is vital for 
you to know that all depressions and recessions are artificially 
created through the restriction of a medium of exchange—money. This 
restriction keeps money OUT of circulation. Fewer dollars available 
to facilitate production and distribution means poverty and 

The precariousness of government finance during the war and the post 
war recession convinced the Republican government under James 
Madison, to re-establish a national bank. Thus was created the Second 
Bank of the United States in 1816. 

In January 9, 1832 The Second National Bank applied for a charter 
renewal 4 years early. This time President Andrew Jackson vetoed the 
Bank's recharter on the grounds that the Bank was unconstitutional 
and he successfully paid off the national debt leaving the U.S. with 
a surplus of $5,000. He said, "If congress has the right under the 
Constitution to issue paper money, it was given them to use 
themselves, not to be delegated to individuals or corporations." 

On January 30, 1835, President Andrew Jackson attended a 
congressional funeral in the Capitol building. As he exited, Richard 
Lawrence, an unemployed house painter, pointed a pistol at Jackson 
and fired. The percussion cap exploded, but the bullet did not 
discharge. The enraged Jackson raised his cane to strike his 
attacker, who fired again. The second weapon also misfired and the 
sixty-seven-year-old president escaped assassination at close range. 
Jackson was convinced that Lawrence was hired by his political 
enemies, the Whigs, to stop his plan to destroy the Bank of the 
United States. 

Andrew Jackson violated public international law because he denied 
the creditor his just lien rights on the debtor.  However, the 
bankers did not lend value (substance), so in actuality they had an 
unperfected lien.  Therefore the law actually did not apply. 

The End of the American Republic: the Shadow Government is Born 

In 1860-61, the Southern states walked out of Congress. This created 
sine die, a situation in which not enough representatives were 
present to carry on legislative business. This was a constitutional 
crisis that the newly elected president, Abraham Lincoln, had to 

The Introduction to Senate Report 93-549 (93rd Congress, 1st Session, 
1973) summarizes the situation as best as possible: 

"A majority of the people of the United States have lived all of 
their lives under emergency rule. . . And, in the United States, 
actions taken by the Government in times of great crises have –from, 
at least, the Civil War—in important ways, shaped the present 
phenomenon of a permanent state of national emergency." 

From the research information available, it can be reasonably proven 
that when the Southern states walked out of Congress on March 27, 
1861, the quorum to conduct business under the Constitution for the 
united States of America was lost. Thus, the only votes that Congress 
could lawfully take, under parliamentary law, were those to set the 
time to reconvene, take a vote to get a quorum, vote to adjourn and 
set a date, time, and place to reconvene at a later time, but 
instead, Congress apparently abandoned the House and Senate without 
setting a date to reconvene. Under the parliamentary law of Congress, 
when this happened, Congress became sine die (pronounced see-na dee- 
a; literally "without day") and thus when Congress adjourned sine 
die, it ceased to exist as a lawful deliberative body, and thus the 
only lawful, constitutional power that could declare war was no 
longer lawful, or in session. 

It can also be reasonably proven that the Southern states, by virtue 
of their secession from the Union, also ceased to exist sine die, and 
that some state legislatures in the Northern bloc also adjourned sine 
die, and thus, all the states which were parties to creating the 
Constitution for the united States of America apparently ceased to 
exist. On April 15, 1861, President Lincoln executed an executive 
order, Lincoln Executive Proclamation 1, and it can also be 
reasonably proven that the united States of America have been ruled 
ever since by the President under executive powers. 

It can also be reasonably proven that when Congress eventually did 
reconvene, it was reconvened under the military authority of the 
Commander-in-Chief and not by Rules of Order for Parliamentary bodies 
or by Constitutional Law, thus placing the American people under 
martial rule ever since the "national emergency" declared by 
President Lincoln. Thus, the Constitution for the united States of 
America has subsequently temporarily ceased being the acknowledged 
law of the land in many courts, and the President, Congress, and the 
courts have unlawfully presumed that they were free to remake the 
Union in a new image, whereas, lawfully, no constitutional provisions 
were in place which afforded power to any of the actions which were 
taken which presumed to place the Union under the new form of 

President Lincoln apparently knew that his executive orders no longer 
had any force under Constitutional Law. So he commissioned General 
Orders No. 100 (April 24, 1863) apparently as a special code to 
govern his actions under martial law and to justify the seizure of 
power, which further extended the laws of the District of Columbia 
and which also fictionally implemented the provisions of Article I, 
Section 8, Clauses 17-18 of the Constitution beyond the boundaries of 
Washington, D.C. and into the several states. General Orders No. 100, 
also called the Lieber Instructions and the Lieber Code, have 
apparently extended the laws of war and private international law 
into the American states, and the United States government has become 
the presumed military conqueror of the people and the land of the 
several American nations. 

Martial rule has apparently been kept secret and has never really 
ended. Lincoln was assassinated before he could complete the 
implementation of his plan to constitutionally and not militarily 
reform the Southern national governments and restore Congress. Ever 
since the united States of America has been ruled under military law 
under the Commander of Chief—the President—and his assumed executive 
powers according to the policies of Executive Orders: a military 
dictator type function. 

Constitutional law under the original Constitution for the American 
states is apparently enforced only as a matter of keeping the public 
peace under the provisions of General Orders No. 100 under martial 
rule. This "peace" is further evidenced in the Preamble of the so- 
called Expatriation Act of 1868. Under martial law, title is a mere 
fiction, since all property belongs to the military except for that 
property which the Commander-in-Chief may, in his benevolence, exempt 
from taxation and seizure and upon which he allows the "enemy" to 

In proclaiming the first Trading with the Enemy Act by Executive 
Order, President Lincoln set in place the means by which the federal 
government could interact with Americans who were not 14th Amendment 
citizens. They could technically be designated as enemies.  Are you 
beginning to understand how We the People could be at odds with 
our "government?" 

In a message to Congress December 3, 1861, Abraham Lincoln answered 
the banker's argument that the people could not be trusted with their 
constitutional power, the political and monetary system of free 
enterprise conceived by our Founding Fathers, by saying: 

"No men living are more worthy to be trusted than those who toil up 
from poverty -- none less inclined to take or touch aught which they 
have not honestly earned. Let them beware of surrendering a political 
power which they already possess, and which if surrendered, will 
surely be used to close the door of advancement against such as they, 
and to fix new disabilities and burdens upon them, till all of 
liberty shall be lost." 

In 1865, just before the close of the Civil War, President Lincoln 
declared his new monetary policy: 

"The Government should create, issue, and circulate all the currency 
and credits needed to satisfy the spending power of the Government 
and the buying power of consumers. By the adoption of these 
principles, the taxpayers will be saved immense sums of interest. 
Money will cease to be master and become the servant of humanity…. 
The privilege of creating and issuing money is not only the supreme 
prerogative of government, but it is the governments' greatest 

Had it been implemented, it would have ushered in a worldwide 
economic renewal. Unfortunately, a few weeks after its introduction, 
Lincoln was assassinated because he defied the bankers in proposing 
to print interest free money to pay the war debt.  Thus, the 
government continued to operate fully under the authority of private 
law dictated by the creditor. 

Since President Lincoln was assassinated before he could complete 
plans for reforming constitutional government in the Southern States 
and end the martial rule by executive order, the 14th Amendment to 
the Constitution has further created a "new citizenship" or "status" 
for the expanded jurisdiction. Laws for the District of Columbia were 
proposed and passed by Congress in 1871, the District of Columbia 
being incorporated as a private, foreign corporation by The District 
of Columbia Organic Act of 1871, and all states in the Union were 
apparently reformed as franchisees or political subdivisions of the 
corporation known as the UNITED STATES, hence creating a new union of 
American states. What remained of the government was the private side 
under the rule of the bankers. 

The first attempt by Congress to define citizenship was in 1866 in 
the passage of the Civil Rights Act (Revised Statutes section 1992, 8 
United States Code Annotated section 1). The act provided that: 

"All persons born in the United States and not subject to any foreign 
power are declared to be citizens of the United States." 

And this in turn was followed in 1868 by the adoption of the 
Fourteenth Amendment, United States Code Annotated Amendment 14, 

"All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to 
the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of 
the State wherein they reside." 

At this period of time, the only people in the United States who were 
under the jurisdiction of the private bifurcated government of the 
ten miles square of Washington, D.C., were the government employees, 
those within the territories owned by the United States and now the 
former slaves.  The former citizens of the South, now "captured" 
became 14th Amendment citizens. The remainder of the people could 
still invoke the power over government through original jurisdiction 
of the Republic side of the Constitution. 

A new 13th Amendment was enacted December 18, 1865 and the 14th 
Amendment was enacted July 28, 1868.  It was ratified in Southern 
states under martial law. A state could only obtain its freedom from 
federal military rule by ratifying this amendment. Any contract 
entered under duress is null and void. But then the Constitution was 
not even in effect following sine die and the proclamation of martial 

The 14th Amendment brought the freed slaves, whose previous owners 
were private plantations and transferred those slaves under 
subjection of the government, the ten miles square jurisdiction of 
Washington, D.C.  And it offered its protection to those who would 
choose to become its subjects…in exchange for their sovereignty. 

The 14th Amendment is a good example of the "give-a-little, take a 
lot" strategy that is often used, a sugar coating to a bitter pill. 
Sovereign Citizens had created a government to guarantee them their 
rights. In contrast, the federal government created fourteenth 
amendment citizenship to guarantee its power over its citizens.  It 
seems to be taking citizens under its protection but at the price of 
servitude. Sovereigns may choose to become subjects; free men and 
women to become vassals. This amendment has always been 
controversial. Many people over the years have questioned the amount 
of power it vests in the federal government. Some have even 
questioned its validity. On one occasion Judge Ellett of the Utah 
Supreme Court remarked: 

"I cannot believe that any court, in full possession of its 
faculties, could honestly hold that the amendment was properly 
approved and adopted. State v. Phillips, Pacific Reporter, 2nd 
Series, Vol. 540, Page 941, 942 (1975) 

However, the most important fact about this amendment is that, 
although it created a new class of citizen, it did not have any 
effect on Sovereign Citizens. Both classes still exist: When the 
Constitution was adopted the people of the United States were the 
citizens of the several States for whom and for whose posterity the 
government was established. Each of them was a citizen of the United 
States at the adoption of the Constitution, and all free persons 
thereafter born within one of the several States became by birth 
citizens of the State and of the United States. 

Both classes of citizen still exist. It's your right to be a 
Sovereign Citizen, while it's a privilege to be a fourteenth 
amendment citizen, and most importantly, it's up to you to determine 
which one you are, and which one you want to be. Just remember that 
you "pay" for a privilege, whereas a right carries no obligation. 
This is at the heart of your personal Declaration of Independence. 

Two Governments, Two Flags: the Corporate State 

Once the smoke settled after the Civil War, European international 
bankers arrived in town. In 1871 the default again loomed and 
bankruptcy was imminent.  So in 1872, the ten miles square District 
of Columbia was incorporated in England.  A loophole was discovered 
in the Constitution by cunning lawyers in league with the 
international bankers. They realized that a separate nation by the 
same name existed that Congress had created in Article I, Section 8, 
Clause 17. 

The Congress shall have power: 

To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such 
district (not exceeding ten square miles) as may, by cession of 
particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of 
government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over 
all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, 
arsenals, dock yards, and other needful buildings; - And 

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying 
into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by 
this constitution in the government of the United States, or in any 
department or officer thereof. 

This "United States" is a Legislative "Democracy" within the 
Constitutional Republic, and is known as the Federal United States. 
It has exclusive, unlimited rule over its Citizenry, the residents of 
the District of Colombia, the territories and enclaves (Guam, Midway 
Islands, Wake Island, Puerto Rico, etc.), and anyone who is a Citizen 
by way of the 14th Amendment (naturalized Citizens). 

Both United States have the same Congress that rules in both nations. 
One "United States," the Republic of fifty States, has the "stars and 
stripes" as its flag, but without any fringe on it. The Federal 
United States' flag is the stars and stripes with a yellow fringe, 
seen in all the courts. The abbreviations of the States of the 
Continental United States are, with or without the zip codes, Ala., 
Alas., Ariz., Ark., Cal., etc. The abbreviations of the States under 
the jurisdiction of the Federal United States, the Legislative 
Democracy, are AL, AK, AZ, AR, CA, etc. (without any periods). 

The international bankers and the Congress conjured up this bit of 
mischief and passed it into law. But whose law? Congress broke faith 
with We the People in 1871 and sold us out when they formed a private 
corporation and made it the government of the District of Columbia. 
They used the Constitution through the 14th Amendment, as their by- 
laws, therefore taking their authority not under the Constitution but 
taking their authority over the constitution. They copyrighted not 
only the constitution but also many related names such as, THE UNITED 
the final blow to the original constitution.  Hence forth, the UNITED 
STATES has been governed entirely by private corporate law, dictated 
by the banks as creditors. 

The "Act to Provide a Government for the District of Columbia," 
Section 34 of the Forty-First Congress of the United States, Session 
III, Chapter 61 and 62, enacted February 21, 1871, states that the 
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is a corporation, whose jurisdiction is 
applicable only in the ten-mile-square parcel of land known as the 
District of Columbia and to whatever properties are legally titled to 
the UNITED STATES, by its registration in the corporate County, 
State, and Federal governments that are under military power of the 
UNITED STATES and its creditors. Under this provision, the military 
Congress of the UNITED STATES had obtained the power to pass private 
international law for application within the federal District of 
Columbia. All States of the Union adopted new legislatively 
created 'conditions' and 'codified' their laws under federal 
mandate.  State 'codes' were unlawfully adopted despite their origin 
as instruments of sovereign people. However, We the People remained 

UNITED STATES CODE, Title 28, 3002(15)(A), basically reiterates that 
the UNITED STATES is a corporation. What was not said in 1871, but 
was implicit, was what is plainly stated at Title 28, 3002(15)(3): 
That all departments of the UNITED STATES CORPORATION are part of the 
corporation. Title 28, UNITED STATES CODE, is Copyrighted Private 
International Law. Indeed, the UNITED STATES CODE, in its entirety, 
is Copyrighted Private International Law, and applicable only in the 
District of Columbia. 

This incorporation was first reported by Gary W. Phillips, whose 
career with the Immigration and Naturalization Service began in 1956. 
He was the INS director at Sea Tac Airport for 20 years and began 
challenging the income tax in 1985 (The Idaho Observer, March, 2000). 
After nearly 40 years of government service, Phillips was forced to 
flee his country to protect his life after exposing the facts of the 
illegality of the federal government's criminal income tax collection 
scam -- facts that are becoming well know among informed people 
throughout the country. 

Where did the Congress find the authority in the Constitution to 
reconstitute any part of the united States as a corporation? Quite 
simply, the 1791 Constitution was set aside to make room for the 
corporation. Would this Act benefit the Republic? No, the private, 
corporate bottom line is profit. The municipal, public bottom line is 
service. To replace our service-oriented form of government with a 
profit-oriented form of government without our knowledge or consent 
can only be described as treason. 

A few superficial changes were made to the original Constitution and 
it was no longer the real thing. Congress did not change the name of 
the document so they could claim to be reading from the Constitution. 
They merely changed it from the Constitution for the united States of 
changed the "for" to "of'" and capitalized all the letters. All of 
the sudden we had two Constitutions, the original for show and the 
revision for actual use. 

The Act of 1871 provided a government for the District of Columbia 
and created a corporation entitled the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA whose 
jurisdiction extends only over corporate entities created by the 
municipal corporation and operative only in the District of Columbia. 
Washington, District of Columbia is the capitol of the District of 
Columbia, not the United States of America, and all laws passed 
within the District of Columbia are applicable and enforceable only 
in the District of Columbia and it's possessions. 

The States of the Republic are not possessions of the District of 
Columbia. Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and Guam are possessions of 
the District of Columbia as well as property legally titled to the 
UNITED STATES by states and counties. 

The UNITED STATES CODE, in totality, was put together in the District 
of Columbia as Copyrighted Private International Law and is 
applicable only in the District of Columbia. By their own rules of 
jurisdiction, the UNITED STATES attorneys have no business 
prosecuting anyone outside of the District of Columbia or Federal 
territories. The federal court has no venue outside of the District 
of Columbia and, therefore, has no jurisdiction outside of the 
District of Columbia and its possessions. The Congress cannot pass a 
law that is applicable in the several States of the Republic. 

If all the laws passed in the District of Columbia are Private 
International Law, including all of the UNITED STATES CODE and the 
statutes at large passed after 1871, and are applicable and 
enforceable only in the District of Columbia, then how could they 
have become the law of the land? Because, not knowing better, We the 
People allowed it. We have allowed agents of foreign countries to 
build an illegal corporation that has systematically corrupted every 
state, county and city in this nation and corrupted the status and 
standing of most people of the united States of America. The only way 
that a UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT can have jurisdiction over a 
Sovereign is if the latter volunteers to the jurisdiction or fails to 
declare his independence as a Sovereign. 

This corporation has created dozens of agencies, the IRS, FBI, DEA, 
and the BATF, to name a few, which employ thousands of agents who 
receive excellent salaries and benefits for betraying their friends 
and families while enforcing the private edicts of the so-called 
Congress. The men and women of Congress smile, speak softly, and then 
direct their illegal agencies to destroy those who do not fully 
conform to their wishes, and strike fear into hearts of those who do. 
Kidnapping and conspiracy are involved in every arrest and conviction 
by federal authorities outside of the District of Columbia. 

The question now leads to whether our duly elected public officials 
swear an oath to uphold the Constitution for the united States of 
America, the Republic within which our rights are protected by a 
service-oriented government, or swear an oath to the CONSTITUTION OF 
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, the profit-oriented corporation? 

It appears by their actions that most government employees, knowingly 
or unknowingly, have sworn an oath to the corporate UNITED STATES. It 
is our duty as the People who elected them into office, to demand 
accountability from our "public" officials and confront them as to 
where their loyalties lie. Is it with the corrupt, treasonous 
corporation that is controlled by foreign agents from within and 
without, or is it with our constitutional Republic, the united States 
of America and her citizens? 

An articulate defender of a conservative monetary policy, President 
James A. Garfield urged the resumption of specie payments and the 
payment of government debts.  He said, "Whoever controls the volume 
of money in any country is absolute master of all industry and 
commerce." In his Inaugural Address in 1881, Garfield said: 

The chief duty of the National Government in connection with the 
currency of the country is to coin money and declare its value. Grave 
doubts have been entertained whether Congress is authorized by the 
Constitution to make any form of paper money legal tender. The 
present issue of United States notes has been sustained by the 
necessities of war; but such paper should depend for its value and 
currency upon its convenience in use and its prompt redemption in 
coin at the will of the holder, and not upon its compulsory 
circulation. These notes are not money, but promises to pay money. If 
the holders demand it, the promise should be kept. 

Garfield was assassinated after only two hundred days in office, 80 
days after being shot by a lawyer, ostensibly because he was upset 
about not receiving an ambassadorial posting to France. 

In 1909, default loomed once again.  The US government asked the 
Crown of England for an extension of time.  This extension was 
granted for another 20 years on several conditions. One of the 
conditions was that the United States permit the creditors to 
establish a new national bank.  The bankers moved deeper into our 
nation by the establishment of the Federal Reserve Bank in 1913, the 
IRS to collect the interest on their loans made to the UNITED STATES, 
and the 17th Amendment enacted May 31, 1913, was the condition for 
the extension of time.  The 16th and 17th Amendment further reduced 
the states power.  The UNITED STATES adopted the mercantile system of 
ancient Babylonian. 

With the passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the UNITED 
STATES was firmly lashed to the yoke, so that a small number of very 
rich men have been able to lay upon the people a yoke little better 
than slavery itself. That yoke inevitably grows heavier with ever- 
compounding interest, and totals over $20 trillion of debt owed by 
the American people today ($80,000 per American). This vast 
accumulation of wealth concentrates immense power and despotic 
economic domination in the hands of the few central bankers "who are 
able to govern credit and its allotment, for this reason supplying, 
so to speak, the life-blood to the entire economic body, and 
grasping, as it were, in their hands the very soul of the economy so 
that no one dare breathe against their will." A worldwide tyranny is 
gradually being imposed, hidden to most, by the money masters. 

First World War 

In 1917 we were drafted into the First World War.  President Woodrow 
Wilson had to find a way to persuade the American public to go along 
with an intervention in another of Europe's wars.  Although 
restrained to be neutral in the deadly conflict by the Neutrality 
Act, he sent our navy to shepherd British convoys across the 
Atlantic.  German U-boat commanders did not take the bait and avoided 
contact with the US destroyers.  To force the issue, a US naval ship 
sailed into the midst of a battle between British and German naval 
fleets and was sunk.  But when the truth was learned, Wilson had to 
find another way. 

The Lusitania was a speedy warship refitted by the British as a 
passenger liner.  Unknown to its passengers the Lusitania was 
carrying a huge cargo of military equipment and munitions in 
violation of the US Neutrality Act.  The Germans knew that and tried 
to warn the passengers by placing advertisements in prominent US 
newspapers.  The US State Department ordered all of the newspapers to 
refuse the ad.  Only one newspaper in Des Moines, Iowa, bravely 
published the information.  To ensure a successful provocation, the 
Lusitania was ordered to sail at 75% speed using only three of its 
four powerful engines.  Then the naval escort was ordered away 
leaving the Lusitania vulnerable as it entered the war zone.  The 
first torpedo hit the explosive cargo and blew the bottom out of the 
Lusitania.  It sank in only 18 minutes. 126 innocent civilians died. 
Wilson now had his provocation to rally Americans behind the "War to 
End All Wars." 

The US participation in WWI exacerbated the national debt so that it 
became impossible for us to pay it off in 1929.  It also enhanced the 
War Powers Act that President Lincoln, by Executive Order put in 
place during his Presidency.  This War Powers Act was re-enforced and 
the Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917 was passed to define, 
regulate, and punish those who were trading with enemies, who were 
then required by that act to be licensed by the government to do 
business. This will become more important later on. 

The Great Depression: From Sovereignty to Servitude 

We all know what happened in 1929.  This was the year of the stock 
market crash and the beginning of The Great Depression.  The stock 
market crash moved billions of dollars from the people to the banks. 
This also removed cash from circulation for the people's use.  Those 
who still possessed any cash, invested in high interest yielding 
Treasury Bonds driven higher by increased demand.  As a result, even 
more cash was removed from circulation in the general public to the 
point where there was not enough cash left in circulation to buy the 
goods being produced.  Production came to a halt as excess inventory 
overwhelmed the market.  There were more products on the market than 
there was cash to buy them.   Prices plummeted and industries plunged 
into bankruptcy, throwing millions of people out of work. 
Foreclosures on homes, factories, businesses and farms rose to the 
highest level in the history of America.  A mere dime was literally 
salvation to many families now living on the street.  Millions of 
people lost everything they had, keeping only the clothes on their 

In Europe, the International Bankers in 1930 declared several nations 
bankrupt, including the United States. In 1933, immediately after 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt took office, his first act as President was 
to publicly declare the United States bank holiday.  He further went 
on to issue his Presidential Executive Order on March 5th, 1933 that 
all United States Citizens must turn in all their gold in return for 
Federal Reserve Notes.  This was passed into law by Congress on June 
5, 1933. 

We the People turned in all our gold at that time.  Why?  Were we 
United States Citizens?  No.  We were still a sovereign people until 
that time.  We just thought that we were required to turn in all our 
gold. Only those people living in Washington, D.C., and the 14th 
Amendment Citizens were so required.  As sovereigns, we were not 
under the jurisdiction of the United States of America, which 
incorporated in 1872. 

When we turned in our gold, we just volunteered to be citizens of the 
jurisdiction of the ten miles square of Washington D.C. and their 
laws. We became 14th Amendment Citizens. Our birth certificates, the 
title to our bodies, were registered at the Department of Commercial. 
This title to our bodies, all of our property and all of our future 
labor, was pledged to the International Bankers as security for the 
money owed in bankruptcy.  This was done under the authority of 
commercial law (Babylonian law) by and through Title. The American 
People were not in bankruptcy. Only the Corporate UNITED STATES was 
in bankruptcy.  But with the US Corporation holding the title to your 
body and life, you could be used for collateral to secure the 
national debt through the birth certificate given by parents 
voluntarily to be entered into the Commercial Registry. This act, in 
commerce, gave Title to your body by way of a "constructive" 

Next, the government created an artificial 'person' in your name, a 
corporation, a fictitious entity to take its place in a virtual 
reality of contract law and corporations.  By and through an adhesion 
contract, the government then made you, the real man or woman, 
responsible for that fictional entity, a fiduciary and surety for an 
artificial entity.  Your artificial entity secured the National debt 
and through it, you became a 14th Amendment Citizen of the UNITED 
STATES. In other words, they got you to think and act as though you 
really were that fictional entity.  You agreed by your action or 
failure to act. YOU adhered to a contract offer because you thought 
or acted as though you were the receiver of the offer.  In doing so, 
YOU were presumed to have ACCEPTED THE CONTRACT. 

All licenses and all existing contracts are made between the UNITED 
STATES or THE STATE OF (whatever state you live in) and your 
artificial entity.  That fictitious entity binds you to the UNITED 
STATES and its sub-corporations because they have, through adhesion 
contract, made you, the real man or woman, fiduciary and responsible 
for that artificial entity.   Of course, you voluntarily sign, and 
even request, all those contracts, don't you?  It seems to be your 
name, although you probably never spell it all in capital letters as 
they do.  They wish for you to think nothing of the aberration, 
perhaps just something they do to be clear and error-free. 

All of these contracts you sign carry with it your agreement to obey 
and uphold all the laws, rules and regulations passed by the Congress 
of the UNITED STATES CORPORATION and THE STATE OF. . . . and will be 
enforced against you. 

From that day forward, We the People, once upon a time sovereigns who 
created government for our convenience and welfare, could never own 
property in allodium because the state now had possession of it all. 
In 1964, the state obtained title to all private property. You can 
only "rent" homes that you believe you own by paying taxes.  You only 
have a certificate of title to the car you think you own, and you 
continue to drive it because of your yearly fee.  The state owns the 
true title to our homes, our cars, to everything we thought or think 
we own.  You married the state through your marriage license and your 
children became wards of the state.  All of this was pledged, 
including all the fruits of your future labor, to the bankers as 
security against the national debt and was placed in the possession 
of the Secretary of State of each state as an agent for the Trustee 
of the Bankruptcy, the U.S. Secretary of Treasury.  Not knowing the 
rules of the game you went directly to jail, you could not pass GO 
and you could not collect $200. 

Cows in the Pasture or Freedom: the Hidden Choice 

The way out of this is dilemma can be very complex.  In fact, its 
complexity was intentional.  Roosevelt had violated the law by 
placing us into servitude without our consent.  Congressman Louis T. 
McFadden brought formal charges against the Federal Reserve and the 
Secretary of the Treasury and was coming dangerously close to calling 
for impeachment of Franklin D. Roosevelt.  Two months AFTER the 
Executive Order, on June 5, 1933, the Senate and House of 
Representatives, 73d Congress, 1st Session, at 4:30 pm approved House 
Joint Resolution (HJR) 192: Joint Resolution To Suspend The Gold 
Standard And Abrogate The Gold Clause, Joint Resolution to assure 
uniform value to the coins and currencies of the United States, which 
formally declared the bankruptcy of the UNITED STATES. 

F.D.R. by Executive Order declared the people outside federal 
territories to be the enemy by illegally altering the Trading with 
the Enemy Act of 1861, revised 1918. 

The creation of Federal Zone citizenship further tightened up when 
you applied for your Social Security number after 1935.  The benefits 
offered by this contract were hurriedly and voluntarily entered into 
when the Social Security Act was signed into law. Further contracts 
were to be entered into and license to be applied for–all voluntary 
actions.  We unknowingly were entering into lifelong servitude to 
receive the benefits of the Lord of the Manor.  We had descended into 
feudal vassalage without recognizing it. 

President Roosevelt then called all the Governors into Washington D. 
C. for a conference.  This was the beginning of the states losing the 
remainder of their sovereignty.  It was not until 1944 that the 
corporate states lost all their power over the corporate United 
States with the Buck Act.  With this Act, the states became, 
essentially, 14th Amendment Citizens as well.   This completed the 
destruction of the corporate states having any power to protect 
against usurpation by the U.S. Government.  The corporate states went 
under the jurisdiction of Washington, D.C. 

Strangely enough, on October 28, 1977, HJR-192 was quietly repealed 
by public law 95-147. The joint resolution entitled "Joint resolution 
to assure uniform value to the coins and currencies of the United 
States" approved June 5, 1933 (31 U.S.C. 463), shall not apply to 
obligations issued on or after the date of enactment of this section. 

The reason for the repeal of HJR-192 is somewhat obscure. After 44 
years of unchallenged implementation, this public policy is clearly 
established by custom, usage and participation in the credit system 
by the American public. Those of us operating on the privilege of 
limited liability, via the public credit, are still bound. 

The adoption of the Uniform Commercial Code by all States in 1964 and 
a number of other like laws and Acts were incorporated into this 
nation.  This made the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), the Supreme Law 
of the Land. 

Courts Shift from Common Law to Equity and Admiralty Courts 

Under the Constitution, based on Common Law, the Republic of the 
Continental United States provides for legal cases: at Law, in 
Equity, and in Admiralty. 

(1) Law is the collective organization of the individual right to 
lawful defense. It is the will of the majority, the organization of 
the natural right of lawful defense. It is the substitution of a 
common force for individual forces, to do only what the individual 
forces have a natural and lawful right to do: to protect persons, 
liberties, and properties; to maintain the right of each, and to 
cause justice to reign over us all. Since an individual cannot 
lawfully use force against the person, liberty, or property of 
another individual, then the common force—for the same reason—cannot 
lawfully be used to destroy the person, liberty, or property of 
individuals or groups. Law allows you to do anything you want to, as 
long as you don't infringe upon the life, liberty or property of 
anyone else. Law does not compel performance. 

Today's so-called laws (ordinances, statutes, acts, regulations, 
orders, precepts, etc.) are often erroneously perceived as law, but 
just because something is called a "law" does not necessarily make it 
a law. [There is a difference between "legal" and "lawful." Anything 
the government does is legal, but it may not be lawful.] 

(2) Equity is the jurisdiction of compelled performance (for any 
contract you are a party to) and is based on what is fair in a 
particular situation. The term "equity" denotes the spirit and habit 
of fairness, justness, and right dealing which would regulate the 
intercourse of men with men. You have no rights other than what is 
specified in your contract. Equity has no criminal aspects to it. 

(3) Admiralty is compelled performance plus a criminal penalty, a 
civil contract with a criminal penalty. 

By 1938 the gradual merger procedurally between law and equity 
actions (i.e., the same court has jurisdiction over legal, equitable, 
and admiralty matters) was recognized. The nation was bankrupt and 
was owned by its creditors (the international bankers) who now owned 
everything—the Congress, the Executive, the courts, all the States 
and their legislatures and executives, all the land, and all the 
people. Everything was mortgaged in the national debt. We had gone 
from being sovereigns over government to subjects under government, 
through the use of negotiable instruments to discharge our debts with 
limited liability, instead of paying our debts at common law with 
gold or silver coin. 

The change in our system of law from public law to private commercial 
law was recognized by the Supreme Court of the United States in the 
Erie Railroad vs. Thompkins case of 1938, after which case, in the 
same year, the procedures of Law were officially blended with the 
procedures of Equity. Prior to 1938, all U.S. Supreme Court decisions 
were based upon public law—or that system of law that was controlled 
by Constitutional limitation. Since 1938, all U.S. Supreme Court 
decisions are based upon what is termed public policy. 

Public policy concerns commercial transactions made under the 
Negotiable Instrument's Law, which is a branch of the international 
Law Merchant. This has been codified into what is now known as the 
Uniform Commercial Code, which system of law was made uniform 
throughout the fifty States through the cunning of the Congress of 

In offering grants of negotiable paper (Federal Reserve Notes) which 
the Congress gave to the fifty States of the Union for education, 
highways, health, and other purposes, Congress bound all the States 
of the Union into a commercial agreement with the Federal United 
States (as distinguished from the Continental United States). The 
fifty States accepted the "benefits" offered by the Federal United 
States as the consideration of a commercial agreement between the 
Federal United States and each of the corporate States. The corporate 
States were then obligated to obey the Congress of the Federal United 
States and also to assume their portion of the equitable debts of the 
Federal United States to the international banking houses, for the 
credit loaned. The credit which each State received, in the form of 
federal grants, was predicated upon equitable paper. 

This system of negotiable paper binds all corporate entities of 
government together in a vast system of commercial agreements and is 
what has altered our court system from one under the Common Law to a 
Legislative Article I Court, or Tribunal, system of commercial law. 
Those persons brought before this court are held to the letter of 
every statute of government on the federal, state, county, or 
municipal levels unless they have exercised the REMEDY provided for 
them within that system of Commercial Law whereby, when forced to use 
a so-called "benefit" offered, or available, to them, from 
government, they may reserve their former right, under the Common Law 
guarantee of same, not to be bound by any contract, or commercial 
agreement, that they did not enter knowingly, voluntarily, and 
intentionally.  See Howard Freeman here: 


In 1976, Congress took away any semblance of law or justice left 
within our court system.  All law today is now construed, constructed 
and made up by the judge as it happens before your very eyes.  Common 
law has almost disappeared from the courts. They took away any 
control or authority we might have had over the court system.  This 
has been very well hidden from all of us. 

Many of us going into court often wonder why and how the courts can 
simply override the laws we put into our paperwork.  It's very simple 
now that we know how they do it.  They operate on the words `construe 
and construct.' 

A simple word such as `in' changed to `at' as in `at law' or `in law' 
has a totally separate meaning.  For example:  If you're in the 
river, you are wet, you can swim, etc., but if you're at the river, 
you might enjoy a refreshing picnic, play baseball or run races. See 
the difference a simple word can make?  And, the attorneys often 
change this word when they answer your motions – in addition to many 

It will pay you in dividends to read the answers of attorneys to your 
paperwork.  Compare what they say the case law says to the actual 
case law itself.  You'll discover that they have actually changed the 
words therein. This is illegal, you might say.  No, not, according to 
the US Code. 

You see, they can now construe and construct any law or statute to 
mean whatever they decide it means, for their benefit.  You don't 
know any of this. You think they are railroading you in a kangaroo 
court.  No, they are `legal' in what they do.  They usually follow 
the law to the letter; Their law, private law, the law of contract, 
that you know nothing about. This law is called contract law. 

Uniform Commercial Code: Contract Acceptance and Honor 

If you don't understand contract law or realize what law you are 
dealing with when you go into court, you will lose. Even if you have 
filed your UCC-1 and have captured your Title and your artificial 
entity, this makes no difference in the above courts.  Why?  They 
operate in total fiction, in the land of Oz. They can only recognize 
contracts. And you are a real sentient being.  (Still with numerous 
adhesion contracts attached to you). Whatever you file in that court, 
whether it is your UCC-1 or Law from the Judicial and Original 
Jurisdiction side, that is real, Lawful, truth.  They do not 
recognize truth of any sort. They only recognize fiction and contract 
law. So, when you go into any court, be aware that it is their law, 
that the judge or the prosecutor can `construe' and `construct' that 
law in any fashion they choose.  It will always mean what they choose 
it to mean. 

So, are the courts bound by the Constitution?  Law?  Statutes?  No, 
contracts only and the statutes used to enforce the contracts. 

When used in conjunction with one's signature, a stamp 
stating "Without Prejudice U.C.C. 1-207" is sufficient to indicate to 
the magistrate of any of our present Legislative Tribunals 
(called "courts") that the signer of the document has reserved his 
Common Law right. He is not to be bound to the statute, or commercial 
obligation, of any commercial agreement that he did not enter 
knowingly, voluntarily, and intentionally, as would be the case in 
any Common Law contract. 

Furthermore, pursuant to U.C.C. 1-103, the statute being enforced as 
a commercial obligation of a commercial agreement, must now be 
construed in harmony with the old Common Law of America, where the 
tribunal/court must rule that the statute does not apply to the 
individual who is wise enough and informed enough to exercise the 
remedy provided in this new system of law. He retains his former 
status in the Republic and fully enjoys his unalienable rights, 
guaranteed to him by the Constitution of the Republic, while those 
about him "curse the darkness" of Commercial Law government, lacking 
the truth needed to free themselves from a slave status under the 
Federal United States, even while inhabiting territory foreign to its 
territorial venue. Howard Freeman 

Summary of Historical Development of Modern Feudalism 

THE UNITED STATES as a corporation, created in England, came under 
the jurisdiction of England.  This entitled England to create laws as 
England saw fit to do, establish those laws in THE UNITED STATES and 
everyone who at that time was a 14th Amendment Citizen were subject 
to obey those laws.  This also placed the Congress of THE UNITED 
STATES above that portion of what we think is the constitution, not 
under the authority of the constitution.  Copyrighted, remember?  The 
only Bill of Rights left at this point in time is four Amendments -- 
13th, 14th 15th, and 16th.  That is all the Courts are required to 
take cognizance of when you appear in their courts. 

The 1929 stock market crash and the Great Depression that followed 
placed the American people in desperation, homelessness, poverty and 
even starvation.  The minds of the people were focused on survival. 
They were then in a condition to accept any handout given by the 
government, no matter what the cost to their 

We were drawn in as 14th Amendment Citizens through the registration 
of our birth certificates.  We were further enticed deeper into that 
system by volunteering for many other licenses and privileges given 
by the government.  We were also made enemies of THE UNITED STATES. 
This act gave the UNITED STATES authority, under the laws of war and 
as a captured people, to force anything on us they choose to create. 

Then, in 1976, Congress removed any semblance of justice in our court 
system with Senate bill 94-201 and 94-381.  From this point forward, 
the 'officers of the court' can construe and construct the laws to 
mean anything they chose them to mean. 

As 14th Amendment Citizens, we are not citizens of the America we 
have always thought.  We are actually citizens of England, through 
the corporation of THE UNITED STATES. 

There is no law today except as fiction of copyrighted statutes, to 
be interpreted by 'judges' who construe and construct whatever they 
choose to have those statutes mean. 

We, as sovereigns irresponsibly recognized the Crown of England (IMF) 
as PRINCIPLE of America.  In reality, the IMF was the Creditor of the 
UNITED STATES, a corporation, but NEVER you.  The Creditor of the 
UNITED STATES designed invisible contracts to ensnare the sovereign 
people of America as subjects.  The Creditor of the UNITED STATES 
implemented the invisible contracts through apparent 'color of law' 
and the sovereigns irresponsibly agreed. We, as Sovereigns, through 
the invisible contracts, and our irresponsibility to reject the 
Creditors (IMF) ideas, have voluntarily given our substance to the 
mythical creator of our situation. 

You'll find that there is a common thread woven throughout our entire 
history and that thread is commerce, the merchant, the money-changer 
(banks), the law merchant, i.e., the law of commerce, civil law and 
maritime law.  This is not to say that commerce is bad. It does, 
however, say that commerce brings with it the laws of commerce. 
Wherever commerce goes it brings laws that can bind people into 
slavery.  This can happen only if the people agree with it. 

Banks create "money" today out of thin air; then, they charge, we, 
the people, interest on their creation.  This can happen only if the 
people agree with it. Thereafter, the merchants and the bankers 
create laws, through lawmakers whom they control, that protect 
commerce and bind the people to obey.  This can happen only if the 
people agree with it. 

The only reason this occurs is that we do not handle our own 

Me and My Shadow: the Fictional STRAWMAN 

The elected and appointed administrators of government United States 
government have been filing certified copies of all our birth 
certificates in the United States Department of Commerce as 
registered securities. These securities, each of which carries an 
estimated $1,000,000 value, have been (and still are) circulated 
around the world as collateral for loans, entries on the asset side 
of ledgers, etc., just like any other security. There's just one 
problem—we didn't consciously authorize it. Now that you know, you 
can choose to let them use you for collateral and pay interest on the 
debt or you can take back your power and sovereignty. 

The United States is a District of Columbia corporation. In Volume 
20: Corpus Juris Sec. 1785 we find "The United States government is a 
foreign corporation with respect to a State" (NY re: Merriam 36 N.E. 
505 1441 S. 0.1973, 14 L. Ed. 287). Since a corporation is a 
fictitious "person" (it cannot speak, see, touch, smell, etc.), it 
cannot, by itself, function in the real world. It needs a conduit, a 
transmitting utility, a liaison of some sort, to "connect" the 
fictitious person, and the fictional world in which it exists, to the 
real world. Why is this important? 

LIVING people exist in a real world, not a fictional, virtual world. 
But government exists in a fictional world, and can only deal 
directly with other fictional or virtual persons, agencies, states, 
etc. In order for a fictional person to deal with real people there 
must be a connection, a liaison, a go-between. This can be something 
as simple as a contract. When both "persons", the real and fictional, 
agree to the terms of a contract, there is a connection, intercourse, 
dealings, there is communication, an exchange. There is business. 

But there is another way for fictional government to deal with the 
real man and woman—through the use of a representative, a liaison, a 
go-between. Who is this go-between that connects fictional government 
to real men and women? It's a government-created shadow, a fictional 
man or woman, a corporation with the same name as yours. 

This PERSON was created by using your birth certificate as the 
Manufacturer's Certificate of Origin (MCO) and the state in which you 
were born as the "port of entry." This gave fictional UNITED STATES 
government a fictional PERSON with whom to deal directly. This PERSON 

STRAMINEUS HOMO: Latin - A man of straw, one of no substance, put 
forward as bail or surety. This definition comes from Black's Law 
Dictionary, 6th Edition, page 1421. Following the definition of 
STRAMINEUS HOMO in Black's we find the next word, STRAWMAN. 

STRAWMAN: A front, a third party who is put up in name only to take 
part in a transaction. Nominal party to a transaction, one who acts 
as an agent for another for the purpose of taking title to real 
property and executing whatever documents and instruments the 
principal may direct. Person who purchases property for another to 
conceal identity of real purchaser or to accomplish some purpose 
otherwise allowed. 

Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary defines the 
term "STRAWMAN" as "A weak or imaginary opposition set up only to be 
easily confuted; or a person set up to serve as a cover for a usually 
questionable transaction". 

The STRAWMAN can be summed up as an imaginary, passive stand-in for 
the real participant; a front; a blind; a person regarded as a 
nonentity. The STRAWMAN is a "shadow", a go-between. 

For quite some time a rather large number of people in this country 
have known that a man or woman's name, written in ALL CAPS, or last 
name first, does not identify real, living people. Taking this one 
step further, the rules of grammar for the English language have no 
provisions for the abbreviation of people's names, i.e. initials are 
not to be used. As an example, John Adam Smith is correct. ANYTHING 
else is not correct. Not Smith, John Adam or Smith, John A. or J. 
Smith or J.A. Smith or JOHN ADAM SMITH or SMITH, JOHN or any other 
variation. NOTHING, other than John Adam Smith identifies the real, 
living man. All other appellations identify either a deceased man or 
a fictitious man such as a corporation or a STRAWMAN. 

Over the years, government, through its "public" school system, has 
managed to pull the wool over our eyes and keep us all ignorant of 
some very important facts. Because all facets of the media have an 
ever increasing influence in our lives, and because media is 
controlled (with the issuance of licenses, etc.) by government and 
its agencies, we have slowly and systematically been led to believe 
that any form/appellation of our name is, in fact, still us as long 
as the spelling is correct. This is not true. 

We were never told, with full and open disclosure, what our 
government officials were planning to do ... and why. We were never 
told that government (the United States) was a corporation, a 
fictitious "person". We were never told that government had quietly, 
almost secretly, created a shadow corporation, a STRAWMAN for each 
and every American ... so that government could not only control the 
people, but also raise an almost unlimited amount of revenue;  so it 
could continue, not just to exist, but to GROW. 

We were never told that when government deals with the STRAWMAN it is 
not dealing with real, living men and women.  We were never told, 
openly and clearly with full disclosure of all the facts, that since 
June 5, 1933, we have been unable to pay our debts.  We were never 
told that we had been pledged (and our children, and their children, 
and their children) as collateral, mere chattel, for the debt created 
by government officials who created treason in doing so. 

We were never told that they quietly and cleverly changed the rules, 
even the game itself, and that the world we perceive as real is in 
fact fictional - and its all for their benefit. We were never told 
that the STRAWMAN—a fictional person, a creature of THE STATE—is 
subject to all the codes, statutes, rules, regulations, ordinances, 
etc. decreed by government, but that WE, the real man and woman, are 
not. We were never told that we were being treated as property, as 
slaves, albeit comfortably for some, while living in the land of the 
free—and that we could, easily, walk away from the fraud. We never 
realized that we were being abused. By knowing the difference between 
our real self and our STRAWMAN and behaving accordingly, we regain 
our proper sovereignty over "legal fictions" and the ability to 
experience true freedom which is our birthright, for the enjoyment of 
the Divine in us all. 

There's something else you should know: Everything, since June 1933, 
operates in COMMERCE. Why is this important? Commerce is based on 
agreement, on contract. Government has an implied agreement with the 
STRAWMAN which they created and the STRAWMAN is subject to government 
rule, as we illustrated above. But when we, the real flesh and blood 
man and woman, infer that they are trying to communicate with us and 
therefore step into their commercial "process" we become the "surety" 
for the fictional STRAWMAN.  Reality and fiction are reversed. We 
then become liable for the debts, liabilities and obligations of the 
STRAWMAN, relinquishing our real (protected by the Constitution) 
character as we stand in for the fictional STRAWMAN. 

So that we can once again place the STRAWMAN in the fictional world 
and keep ourselves in the real world (with all our "shields" in place 
against the fictional government) we must send a non-negotiable 
(private) "Charge Back" and a non-negotiable "Bill of Exchange" to 
the United States Secretary of the Treasury, along with a copy of our 
birth certificate, the evidence, the Manufacturer's Certificate of 
Origin of the STRAWMAN. By doing this we discharge our portion of the 
public debt, releasing us, the real man or woman, from the debts, 
liabilities and obligations of the STRAWMAN. Those debts, liabilities 
and obligations exist in the fictional commercial world of "book 
entries" on computers and/or in paper ledgers. It is a world 
of "digits" and "notes", not of money and substance. Property of the 
real man once again becomes tax exempt and free from levy. 

Sending the non-negotiable Charge Back and Bill of Exchange accesses 
our Treasury Direct Account (TDA). What is our TDA? Title 26 USC 
section 163(h)(3)(B)(ii), $1,000,000 limitation: "The aggregate 
amount treated as acquisition indebtedness for any period shall not 
exceed $1,000,000 ($500,000 in the case of a married individual 
filing a separate return)." 

This $1,000,000 account is for the STRAWMAN, the fictional "person" 
with the name in all caps and/or last name first. It is there for the 
purpose of making book entries, to move figures, "digits" from one 
side of ledgers to the other. Figures, digits, the entries in ledgers 
must move from asset side to debit side and back again, or commerce 
dies. No movement, no commerce. 

The fictional persona of corporate government can only function in a 
functional commercial world, one where there is no real money, only 
fictional funds ... mere entries, figures, digits. 

Corporate, STATE courts only have jurisdiction over the STRAWMAN. A 
presentment from fictional government—whether traffic citation or 
criminal charges—is a negative, commercial "claim" against the 
STRAWMAN. This "claim" takes place in the commercial, fictional world 
of government. "Digits" move from one side of your STRAWMAN account 
to the other, or to a different account. This is today's commerce. In 
the past we have addressed these "claims" by fighting them in court, 
with one "legal process" or another, and failed. We have played the 
futile, legalistic, charade—a very clever distraction—while the 
commerce game played on.  We were playing checkers whereas the rules 

But what if we refused to continue playing the charade, and played 
the commerce game instead? What if we learned how to control the flow 
and movement of entries, figures and digits, for our own benefit? Is 
that possible? And if so, how? How can the real man in the real 
world, function in the fictional world in which the commerce game 

When in commerce do as commerce does - use the Uniform Commercial 
Code (UCC). The UCC-1 Financing Statement is the one contract in the 
world that CANNOT be broken and it's the foundation of the Accepted 
for Value process. The power of this document is awesome. 

Since the TDA exists for the STRAWMAN - who, until now, has been 
controlled by the government - WE can gain control and ownership of 
the STRAWMAN by first activating the TDA and then filing a UCC-1 
Financing Statement. This does two things for us. 

First, by activating the TDA we gain limited control over the funds 
in the account. This allows us to also move entries, figures and 
digits ... for OUR benefit. 

Secondly, by properly filing a UCC-1 Financing Statement we become 
the "holder in due course" of the STRAWMAN. A filed UCC-1 is public 
notice of a registered lien by a real human being who is the secured 
party, upon the STRAWMAN, the government-created, foreign non- 
registered corporation. With the STRAWMAN under our control, 
government has no access to the TDA and they also lose their go- 
between, their liaison, their connection to the real, living man and 
woman.  No longer a subject, you become a free sovereign once again. 
You declare your independence! 

From now on, when presented with any "claim" or presentment from 
government, you will agree with it. This removes the "controversy." 
And you "accept it for value." By doing this you remove the negative 
claim against your account and become the "holder in due course" of 
the presentment. As holder in due course you can require the sworn 
testimony of the presenter of the "claim" under penalty of perjury 
and request the account be properly adjusted. 

You don't have liability for your STRAWMAN.  If you do commercial 
assignments, you have an asset called a Bill of Exchange which you 
can spend out. The birth certificate represents the body.  The SSN 
represents the commercial account.  Behind every birth certificate is 
a $1,000,000 bond which is pre-paid financing on any activity of the 
STRAWMAN.  Some people have used their TDA to pay off their home or 
commercial mortgage, bank or student loans, tax liens, or credit card 

When you own your STRAWMAN and anyone else charges against HIM, then 
that is commercial trespassing. If anyone goes after your STRAWMAN 
and wins any monetary award against the fiction of your STRAWMAN, 
then you (the real person/ secured party) get the first $1,000,000 of 
that because you have the first lien. 

It's all business, a commercial undertaking, and the basic procedure 
is not complicated. In fact, it's fairly simple. We just have to 
remember a few things, like: this is not a "legal" procedure - we're 
not playing People's Court. This is commerce, and we play by the 
rules of commerce. We accept the "claim", become the holder in due 
course, and challenge whether or not the presenter of the "claim" 
had/has the proper authority, the Order, to make the claim (debit our 
account) in the first place. When they cannot produce the Order (they 
never can, it was never issued) we request the account be properly 
adjusted (the charge or claim goes away). Always Accept for Value, 
become the holder-in-due-course, and decide not to prosecute 
yourself!  Are you getting used to this power yet? 

If they don't adjust the account a request is made for the 
bookkeeping records showing where the funds in question were 
assigned. This is done by requesting the Fiduciary Tax Estimate and 
the Fiduciary Tax Return for this claim. Since the claim has been 
accepted for value and is pre-paid, and our TDA is exempt from levy, 
the request for the Fiduciary Tax Estimate and the Fiduciary Tax 
Return is valid because the information is necessary in determining 
who is delinquent and/or making claims on the account. If there is no 
record of the Fiduciary Tax Estimate and the Fiduciary Tax Return, we 
then request the individual tax estimates and individual tax returns 
to determine if there is delinquency. 

If we receive no favorable response to the above requests, we will 
then file a currency report on the amount claimed/ assessed against 
our account and begin the commercial process that will force them 
either to do what is required or lose everything they own! 

This is the power of contracts in commerce. A contract overrides the 
Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and any other document other than 
another contract. No process of law—"color" of law under present 
codes, statutes, rules, regulations, ordinances, etc.—can operate 
upon you; no agent and/or agency of government, including courts, can 
gain jurisdiction over you, without your consent! You do not exist 
within their fictional commercial venue. 

The Accepted for Value process gives you the ability to deal 
with "them," through the use of your transmitting utility/go-between, 
the STRAWMAN, and to hold them accountable in their own commercial 
world for any action(s) they attempt to take against us. Without a 
proper Order (and we know they're not in possession of such a 
document) they must leave us alone, or pay the consequences. 

In addition to your own freedom reclaimed, you will remove your 
collateral and participation from the frauds, manipulations, and 
extortion that have been perpetrated in your name. When enough people 
have reclaimed their birthright, we can also reclaim our 
constitutional republic that was intended to serve us in protecting 
our life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.